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Top 20 most expensive and rarest gemstones in the world by Color and Type in the USA

The World’s Most Expensive and Rarest Gemstones by Color and Type

Top 20 most expensive and rarest gemstones in the world by Color and Type

Gemstones have captivated humans for centuries with their stunning colors, brilliance, and rarity. Some gemstones are so exceptionally scarce and beautiful that they command astronomical prices in the market. In this blog, we will take a journey through the top 20 most expensive and rarest gemstones in the world, organized by their captivating colors and types.

Blue Diamonds

Blue diamonds are among the most coveted and expensive gemstones globally, thanks to their mesmerizing blue hues. These diamonds are incredibly rare and often associated with luxury and elegance. The Hope Diamond is one of the most famous blue diamonds, known for its deep blue color.

Red Beryl (Bixbite)

Red beryl, often referred to as “red emerald,” is a strikingly vibrant red gemstone. Its intense red color and rarity make it one of the most valuable gemstones in the world. Red beryl is so scarce that some gem enthusiasts spend their entire lives without ever encountering one.

Pink Star Diamond

Pink diamonds, particularly the Pink Star Diamond, have shattered auction records, solidifying their status as some of the most expensive gemstones globally. The Pink Star Diamond’s exquisite pink hue is unparalleled in its beauty and rarity.

Green Jadeite

Jadeite, especially the Imperial Green variety, is treasured for its lush green color and cultural significance. It has been prized in Asian cultures for thousands of years and continues to command high prices.


Musgravite is an extremely rare gemstone known for its captivating purple or green colors. This gem is so scarce that only a few specimens have ever been discovered, making it a true collector’s item.

Blue Garnet

Blue garnets are a marvel of nature, changing color under different lighting conditions. They shift from blue in daylight to a purplish-red under incandescent light, creating a unique and highly sought-after gemstone.


Alexandrite is renowned for its remarkable color-changing properties. In natural daylight, it appears green, but under incandescent light, it transforms into a mesmerizing red. High-quality alexandrite with a strong color change is exceptionally valuable.

Pink Diamonds

Pink diamonds, available in various shades of pink, are incredibly rare and luxurious. They have a special place in the world of colored diamonds and are often the centerpieces of exquisite jewelry pieces.

Red Diamonds

Red diamonds are among the rarest and most valuable gemstones globally. Their striking red hues are exceptionally captivating, making them highly sought-after by collectors and connoisseurs.

Blue Sapphires

Blue sapphires are known for their rich blue color, with some of the finest specimens originating from Kashmir. These gems have adorned the crowns and jewelry of royalty for centuries and remain highly prized.

Padparadscha Sapphires

Padparadscha sapphires are unique for their enchanting pinkish-orange color, reminiscent of a tropical sunset. Their scarcity and stunning hues make them highly coveted in the world of gemstones.


Emeralds are famous for their lush green color and are often associated with elegance and opulence. High-quality emeralds with deep green hues are particularly valuable.


Rubies are prized for their vibrant red color, and the most coveted rubies often come from Myanmar (Burma). These gemstones have a rich history and continue to be sought after for their fiery beauty.

Blue Topaz

Blue topaz, with its soothing blue shades, offers a more affordable option compared to some of the other gemstones on this list. It is known for its clarity and brilliance.


Taaffeite is one of the rarest gemstones globally, available in various colors, including lavender and pink. Its scarcity and stunning colors make it a true collector’s dream.


Serendibite, with its deep blue to bluish-black hues, is exceptionally rare and valued for its intense color. It is a gemstone that few have the privilege to own.

Black Opal

Black opals are prized for their dark body color and vibrant play-of-color. These gemstones are often considered some of the most beautiful opals in the world.


Grandidierite is known for its captivating bluish-green color. It is a gemstone that combines rarity with exceptional beauty, making it highly desirable among collectors.

Pink Spinel

Pink spinel, often mistaken for pink sapphires, offers a vibrant pink hue that exudes elegance. It’s a gemstone that can rival the beauty of more famous pink stones.

Blue Zircon

Blue zircon, with its bright blue color, is a more affordable gemstone compared to some of the others on this list. It is admired for its brilliance and clarity.

Gemstone prices and availability can fluctuate over time due to various factors, including market demand and new discoveries. While these gemstones represent some of the most expensive and rarest in the world, there are countless other beautiful and valuable gems waiting to be discovered. Whether you’re a gem enthusiast, collector, or simply someone who appreciates the beauty of these natural treasures, the world of gemstones offers endless wonder and fascination.

Top 20 most expensive and rarest gemstones in the world by Color and Type

Gemstone prices can vary widely based on factors like rarity, size, quality, and market demand. Additionally, new discoveries can impact the list of the most expensive gemstones over time. However, as of my last knowledge update in September 2021, I can provide you with a list of some of the most expensive and rarest gemstones in the world by color and type. Please keep in mind that prices may have changed since then, and new discoveries may have occurred.

  1. Blue Diamond:
  • Type: Diamond
  • Color: Blue
  • Blue diamonds, especially those with vivid and deep blue hues, are incredibly rare and expensive.
  1. Red Beryl:
  • Type: Beryl
  • Color: Red
  • Red beryl, also known as “bixbite” or “red emerald,” is exceptionally rare and can be more valuable than some diamonds.
  1. Pink Star Diamond:
  • Type: Diamond
  • Color: Pink
  • The Pink Star Diamond set a record as one of the most expensive gemstones ever sold at auction.
  1. Jadeite:
  • Type: Jadeite
  • Color: Green (Imperial Green Jadeite is the rarest and most expensive)
  1. Musgravite:
  • Type: Musgravite
  • Color: Purple or Green
  • Musgravite is one of the rarest gemstones globally, with limited sources.
  1. Blue Garnet:
  • Type: Garnet
  • Color: Color-changing (Blue in daylight, purplish-red under incandescent light)
  • Blue garnets are prized for their unique color-changing properties.
  1. Alexandrite:
  • Type: Chrysoberyl
  • Color: Green (in daylight) to Red (under incandescent light)
  • High-quality alexandrite with a strong color change is extremely valuable.
  1. Pink Diamond:
  • Type: Diamond
  • Color: Pink
  • Pink diamonds are among the most expensive and sought-after colored diamonds.
  1. Red Diamond:
  • Type: Diamond
  • Color: Red
  • Red diamonds are incredibly rare and command high prices.
  1. Blue Sapphire:
    • Type: Corundum
    • Color: Blue
    • High-quality blue sapphires, especially those from Kashmir, are prized.
  2. Padparadscha Sapphire:
    • Type: Corundum
    • Color: Pinkish-orange
    • Padparadscha sapphires are highly valued for their unique color.
  3. Emerald:
    • Type: Beryl
    • Color: Green
    • Fine emeralds with a deep green color can be very expensive.
  4. Ruby:
    • Type: Corundum
    • Color: Red
    • High-quality rubies, particularly those from Myanmar (Burma), are prized.
  5. Blue Topaz:
    • Type: Topaz
    • Color: Blue (London Blue Topaz is a popular variety)
    • Blue topaz is relatively more affordable than some other gemstones on this list.
  6. Taaffeite:
    • Type: Taaffeite
    • Color: Various colors, including lavender and pink
    • Taaffeite is one of the rarest gemstones globally.
  7. Serendibite:
    • Type: Serendibite
    • Color: Blue to bluish-black
    • Serendibite is exceptionally rare and valued for its intense blue color.
  8. Black Opal:
    • Type: Opal
    • Color: Black with vibrant play-of-color
    • Black opals with a brilliant play-of-color are highly sought after.
  9. Grandidierite:
    • Type: Grandidierite
    • Color: Bluish-green
    • Grandidierite is rare and known for its striking color.
  10. Pink Spinel:
    • Type: Spinel
    • Color: Pink
    • Pink spinels are often mistaken for pink sapphires but can be equally beautiful and valuable.
  11. Blue Zircon:
    • Type: Zircon
    • Color: Blue
    • Blue zircon, when properly cut and with a bright blue color, can be quite valuable.

Please note that gemstone prices can fluctuate significantly based on market trends, availability, and quality. For the most current information on gemstone prices and rarity, it’s best to consult with reputable gemstone dealers or experts in the field.

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